Saturday, September 26, 2020

Best Science Fiction Films

 The 50 Greatest Sci-Fi Movies



1. Silent Running(1972)



Douglas Trumbull had previously brought his VFX experience to film on such groundbreaking classics as 2001, but Silent Running – a sort of proto-Wall-E, with humanity facing the demise of its natural resources – let him loose as a director. Bruce Dern plays Freeman Lowell, one of several crew members on a greenhouse vessel that carries some of the few remaining plants from a ruined Earth. But when his ship is ordered to destroy the vegetation and return, Lowell mutinies and continues to tend his foliage with the help of three memorable robo-assistants. It's by turns dramatic, quiet, and reflective, an environmental warning that refrains from throwing its message in your face.



2. High Life(2019)



If its premise sounds like a lost Michael Bay movie – criminals on a spaceship are hurtling into a black hole! – Claire Denis' meditative science fiction movie is anything but, more in keeping with the sharp-edged existentialist sci-fi of the 1970s. Robert Pattinson's Monte is one of a group of prisoners who are effectively used as experimental subjects by Juliette Binoche's scientist. Dark, moody and occasionally very violent, it's a psychological trip into the void, drenched in palpable dread, with unsettling eroticism, nightmarish abstract imagery, and excellent, thoughtful performances, particularly the ever-great Pattinson. Deep, dark, grown-up sci-fi that eschews outer space action for intellectual and emotional challenge.



3. Snowpiercer(2013)


Bong Joon Ho's high-concept satire finally has the wide UK release it long deserved. Based on French post-apocalyptic graphic novel Le Transperceneige, Snowpiercer's unique futuristic satire finds the remnants of humanity crammed onto a train hurtling around the surface of a deep-frozen Earth, its carriages containing a stratified society of haves and have-nots. Chris Evans is Curtis, one of the poor schlubs in the tail section, ready to overthrow the system and fight back against the likes of Tilda Swinton's outrageous Thatcher-alike Mason. As ever with Director Bong's work, it's a real genre mash-up, with great action sequences and an idiosyncratic wit – but in addressing real-world class issues through a fanciful not-so-far-future vision, it's the Korean auteur at his most sci-fi. Just don't expect it to show up in a Mother And Baby screening any time soon.



4. District 9(2009)


Giving a more literal interpretation to the phrase 'illegal aliens', the film that announced Neil Blomkamp is a bravura piece of sci-fi that balances serious ideas with mech-fuelled gravity-gun-firing action. Set in a world where extra-terrestrial 'prawns' arrived decades ago in giant ships, now stranded over the skies of Johannesburg, the film follows Sharlto Copley's cowardly bureaucrat Wikus Van De Merwe, assigned to help evict them from their ghetto. Once he's exposed to their families, and particularly their biotechnology, his point of view changes radically. It's frenetic and fun, with moments of gut-churning body-horror – but in its depiction of a segregated South Africa there's real meaning underscoring the chaos.



5. The Abyss(1989)


Most sci-fi films look to the cosmos for signs of new life. Trust James Cameron, then – long before Avatar – to look to the other inky-black instead, the mysterious ocean depths. With its sub-aquatic entities (rendered with then-cutting-edge VFX that still looks good today) and a Jules Verne-ian sense of deep-sea exploration, The Abyss feels distinct from the usual space-bound sci-fi. At the heart of it is a team of expert divers who are hired to look for a missing nuclear submarine and find something much more fascinating. Cameron's love of diving and his environmental side are on full display here, laying the groundwork for much of what he's gone on to since – from the waterworks of Titanic, to Avatar's bioluminescent planet, and the long-promised oceans of Pandora in the upcoming Avatar sequels. It didn't have the box office impact of Cameron's big-hitters, but it's still worth submerging yourself into.



6.Children Of Men(2006)


How grounded can a science-fiction film feel while still ultimately remaining a genre work? Alfonso Cuaron's harrowing human dystopia goes right down to the wire – there are flourishes of future-tech in Children Of Men, but its world feels a stone's throw from our own. The year is 2027, and mankind has slowly become infertile. Cue world chaos and, in what might be the most outlandish concept in an otherwise prescient film, Britain is one of the sole bastions of calm. As immigration soars and the country becomes a police state, Clive Owen's bureaucrat is contacted by a group of suspected terrorists and asked to help a young woman (Clare-Hope Ashitey's Kee) reach a sanctuary that may not even exist. The reason? She's pregnant… Taking a sci-fi set-up and exploring it in a world that feels terrifyingly tangible – told with some astonishing immersive extended takes – Cuaron delivers a poignant, urgent story.



7. Donnie Darko(2001)


Proving that ideas-driven sci-fi could thrive without a blockbuster budget, Richard Kelly's distinctive indie debut plays with time and malleable reality as he puts Jake Gyllenhaal's depressed high schooler through the wringer. With its time-looping narrative, suburban wormhole, and apocalyptic visions of a glowy-eyed bunny-man, Kelly fuses none-more-sci-fi elements into a low-key character drama, with head-scratching talking points and a killer soundtrack that made it a total cult hit. Trippy, atmospheric, and boasting the impressive screen arrival of Gyllenhaal, Donnie Darko leaves you wanting more – just, don't go tracking down the odd non-Kelly sequel, S. Darko.



8. Eternal Sunshine Of The Spotless Mind(2004)


Memory-tampering is a genre staple often reserved for amnesiac thrillers and mind-bending actioners. Not so with Eternal Sunshine, director Michel Gondry and writer Charlie Kaufman instead using it to explore the nature of the human condition – in particular heartbreak. What happens when love goes sour? And what if you could erase the memories — both bad and good — from your mind? Would you go through with that? After learning his ex, Clementine (Kate Winslet) already has, Jim Carrey's Joel decides he will too. But as he explores what made them meld together and then fall apart, he starts to realise that he still has feelings for her. If its tech is fictional, the emotions in Eternal Sunshine are completely real.



9. Predator(1987)


"If it bleeds... We can kill it". '80s machismo meets alien invasion tropes in John McTiernan's pumped-up actioner, with Arnold Schwarzenegger's tough commando Dutch and his military team facing an invisible enemy with advanced weaponry and heat-vision. With its sweltering jungle location and American soldiers falling to an unseen enemy, it's a thinly-veiled genre-fied Vietnam allegory – with a wish-fulfillment twist that ultimately sees military might overcome the enemy. This is Arnie's film, but the iconic Predator design – with its creepy mask, dreadlocks and snarling jaws – proved enough to fuel a bunch of sequels, reboots, and franchise crossovers without the man-mountain present. Predator went through a torturous development and a wild, location-shifting shoot, but in the end John McTiernan's film speaks for itself – mostly in one-liners and soldier speak until things get spectacularly, spine-rippingly gory.



10. Stalker(1979)


Andrei Tarkovsky is not a man who generally deals in populist sci-fi; his work tends to venture straight into hard and heady territory. Stalker is a prime example of that, featuring three men — a writer, a science professor and the titular Stalker, who serves as their guard, venturing into a mysterious zone that has been compromised by apparent alien incursion. The story is an exploration of faith, science and art with woozy, stark visuals steeped in post-nuclear imagery. It's impenetrable if you're not in the right mood, but massively rewarding for those willing to go on the journey. And you can find the film's DNA in several films, most notably Alex Garland's adaptation of Jeff VanderMeer's Annihilation (which also appears on this list).



11. Invasion Of The Body Snatchers(1978)


The concept of aliens replacing folk with pod-people is such a robust, re-usable one that has been the source of several films. Don Siegel's 1956 version cleverly spun into a satire of paranoia, particularly America's obsession with its politically opposite rivals, replacing the usual '50s tropes of blobs and giant bugs for dead-eyed loved ones that look just like you. It's Philip Kaufman's version that remains most watchable though, one of the rare great remakes – a prime slice of 1970s cinema boasting the star power of Donald Sutherland and Leonard Nimoy, striking alien effects, and portraying a post-Nixon sense of distrust and malaise in the comedown of the free-loving '60s. Plus its ending is an all-time chiller.



12. 12 Monkeys(1995)


Terry Gilliam's '90s classic combines time-travel, an apocalyptic future, and the outbreak of a deadly virus – the latter making it perhaps not the most comforting film to rewatch in 2020. Bruce Willis delivers a great performance as convict James Cole, sent back in time to figure out how a man-made disease devastated the world – left in perpetual states of confusion and panic as he tries to hold onto where (and more importantly when) he is, tries to track down the origins of the Army Of The 12 Monkeys, and begins to believe the advice of a psychiatrist that it's all a delusion. Brad Pitt too shows real quirk as Jeffrey Goines, who may or may not have been involved in the outbreak. Gilliam's unique style and eye for oddity is in full flow here, playing with reality and morality in a complex plot that, once unpicked, makes perfect sense.



13. Akira(1988)


Katsuhiro Ôtomo's explosive anime, along with the work of Miyazaki, helped to push Japanese animation fully into Western pop culture consciousness, and it's easy to see why. A compelling cocktail of violence, cyberpunks and mutants, it's a future epic that has tendrils of Japan's past wreathed around its fractured cities and altered bodies. Taking place in Neo-Tokyo, 30 years after an explosion destroyed the original city, the complex narrative takes in biker gangs, government conspiracies, and scientific experiments which turn one of the bikers into a psychic psychopath. Hollywood has been trying to remake this one for years (Taika Waititi is currently attached, though seemingly always busy) and you can only imagine the budget it would take to even approach the original, whose astonishing imagery changed the sci-fi genre forever.



14. Under The Skin(2013)


There have been tons of alien invasion films – but very few in which the alien assumes the form of Scarlett Johansson and drives around the streets of Glasgow in a van, picking up lonely men. Jonathan Glazer's confounding sci-fi horror swirls with unsettling, unknowable visuals, one of the most striking being Johansson herself, pale-faced with a messy black bob and a thick fur coat, delivering something very different from her usual blockbuster roles. As the central (unnamed) extraterrestrial figure, she remains on the very edge of humanity – are her interactions with the men she sacrifices giving her a deeper understanding of the human experience? Like other modern directors who have a stylistic and spiritual connection to the cinema of the 1970s, Jonathan Glazer understands that ideas are just as important as story. Under The Skin isn't a crowdpleaser, but a mood piece with things to say about male/female interactions and, er, the dangerous properties of weird black pools.



15. Sunshine (2007)


Moving between genres has always been one of Danny Boyle's talents, and Sunshine saw him send a crew on a risky mission to reignite the dying sun. Chris Evans, Cliff Curtis, Cillian Murphy, Michelle Yeoh and more are aboard the good ship Icarus II and things go about as well as you'd imagine, given its name. It's part disaster movie, part unexpected slasher (in its controversial third act), and full of existential explorations, as the Icarus crew soar closer and closer to the sun, or possibly the face of God – or both. Cinematographer Alwin Küchler offers up some stark visions of a light-drenched ship and the swirling solar surface, while Alex Garland's writing corrals both brain-food sci-fi and treacherous human instinct.



16. AI Artificial Intelligence(2001)


A.I.'s creation story saw it become a tantalising collaboration between two cinematic greats — it was a longtime project of Stanley Kubrick, who wanted to adapt Brian Aldiss' short story Supertoys Last All Summer Long, which was then passed to Steven Spielberg, who finally wrangled it on to screens after Kubrick's death and following years of frustrating development. Kubrick had never believed a child could honestly play artificial boy David, but Spielberg had a secret weapon in The Sixth Sense's Haley Joel Osment, who went from dead people to bot people. If the Pinocchio-influenced story of a robo-kid searching for real human connection sounds none more Spielbergian, it's a much colder and harsher film than his usual fare – flush with human cruelty, techno-torture, and a melancholic 'fairytale' ending. It's divisive, but remains a fascinating amalgam of the Speilbergian and the Kubrickian.



17. Avatar(2009)


Iconic sci-fi films conjure up distinctive new worlds – and few are as retina-dazzlingly vibrant as Pandora, Avatar's planet of bioluminescent flora, bright blue fauna, and giant floating rock formations. Taking the mech-suits from Aliens, the colourful creatures of The Abyss, the epic scope (and central love story) of Titanic, and the groundbreaking technological leaps of, well, everything he's ever done, James Cameron's record-breaker is none-more-JC. There's a knowing B-movie quality to the cheesy dialogue and Dances With Wolves-inspired plot, but everything else is A-movie blockbuster, in a tale where humans are the alien invaders, consciousness is transferable, and science and nature are equal and opposite forces. It's rare to see an entire cinematic world so fully realised – and while the Avatar backlash continues in some corners, it would be foolish to bet against Cameron's slew of upcoming sequels.



18. The Day The Earth Stood Still(1951)


Usually, an extraterrestrial visitor comes to Earth in the movies to blow things up. In Robert Wise's 1951 classic, Michael Rennie's Klaatu and his hulking robot companion Gort (that's Lock Martin in the metal suit) touch down on terra firma to tell humanity to wind its neck in. If we Earthlings don't change our destructive warlike ways, the intergalactic community will have no choice but to reduce us to atoms. With its cosmic message of peace and unity told in the aftermath of World War II and against the backdrop of atomic bombing, The Day The Earth Stood Still remains subversive, deeply influential in its imagery, and with a phrase that permeated into pop culture at large: "Klaatu barada nikto."



19. Minority Report(2002)


Philip K. Dick's cerebral sci-fi sometimes proves a challenge to adapt, but Steven Spielberg brought one of his most cinematic works to the screen without worrying about being totally faithful. Tom Cruise is future cop John Anderton, part of the pre-crime unit in which psychics can predict crimes before they occur – until they predict Anderton himself committing a murder. Spielberg paints a vision of the future where intrusive ads follow us around (not really science fiction anymore), self-driving cars abound (increasingly plausible), and police officers zoom around on jetpacks (probably a few decades off yet). Full of action and smarts in equal measure, it's a thought-provoking blockbuster – and it basically invented gesture-control touch-screens. Nifty.



20. The Fly(1986)


Evolving from a '50s B-movie premise, David Cronenberg's stomach-churning body-horror is a classic 'man meddles with nature' sci-fi parable. Jeff Goldblum is Seth Brundle, the swarthy scientist who invents a pair of teleportation pods – and accidentally fuses himself with a housefly unknowingly trapped in the second pod while testing them out. Cue a dramatic transformation as Brundle quickly degenerates into Brundlefly – a putrid, acid-spewing monster on the outside that remains deeply, tragically human at his core. If it's the genuinely horrifying creature effects that linger long in the memory, the film stays true to its thematic roots – the destructive hubris that comes as a result of playing God.



21. Wall-E(2008)


Team Pixar was already on a golden streak, and then Wall-E arrived – the brainchild of veteran creative type Andrew Stanton, a futuristic satire about how we treat the planet and each other, but, you know, for kids. It was a risk that paid off beautifully, beginning as a near-silent film on the bleak, trash-filled remains of Earth before blasting into an intergalactic adventure to save the last remaining piece of viable plant life. Wall-E's stark opening astonishes, and it doesn't pull its punches when it comes to dire eco-warnings, and skewering humanity's recklessly consumptive consumerist ways. Wall-E's story goes straight for the heartstrings too with a swooning robo-romance, musical sequences and a still-pertinent message for all of us, delivered in digestible form.



22. Star Trek II The Wrath Of Khan(1982)


Shaking off the shackles of its chilly sci-fi start on the big screen, Star Trek found the fun by remembering to make it more about the characters. And what a story — digging back into the series' past, Nicholas Meyer brings a tense, personal tale of revenge to the screen as Ricardo Montalban's crusading, enhanced ego Khan Noonien Singh seeks to punish William Shatner's James T. Kirk for their troubled history. It might not quite be the santised, perfect utopia that Gene Roddenberry envisioned, but that rarely leaves room for great drama, which Khan has in spades. It's everything Star Trek can be while never forgetting what it was. And the main clash happens without the main pair ever sharing the same room. Now that's an impressive trick...



23. Annihilation(2018)


Adapted directly (and loosely) from Jeff VanderMeer's novel, and influenced by Tarkovsky's Stalker and H.P. Lovecraft's The Colour Out Of Space, Alex Garland's second film as director is another sci-fi triumph. Deep and ideas-driven, it finds Natalie Portman's scientist Lena venturing into 'The Shimmer', an infected section of the American coastline, along with a team of scientists, trying to find out what happened to her husband who went missing in there – only to emerge as the sole person ever to return from 'Area X'. It's a meditation on grief, depression and rebirth, that also boasts mutant bears and plant-creature hybrids, with gorgeous rainbow-refracted imagery to boot. It all culminates in a final act that conjures 2001: A Space Odyssey in its intuitive abstract imagery that resonates on a much deeper level than any literal interpretation.



24. Blade Runner 2049(2017)


If trying to sequelise Ridley Scott's all-time science-fiction classic about advanced 'Replicants' being hunted down in a future LA seemed foolhardy, that didn't stop Denis Villeneuve – and in a cinematic miracle, he pulled off a follow-up that somehow lives up to the original. That's partly thanks to cinematographer Roger Deakins, in charge of framing some of the most stirring sci-fi imagery of the last several decades – the image of Ryan Gosling's Replicant blade runner K confronted by a giant pink projection of Ana de Armas' wish fulfilment android Joi is an all-timer. But elsewhere, Villenueve continues to delve into what makes us human in a narrative that expands the original story without contradicting or disrespecting it, all while providing a subversive spin on the usual 'chosen one' narrative. 2049's greatest triumph is that it invokes the inimitable spirit of the original while becoming its own fully realised work. Bravo, Villenueve.



25. Ghost In The Shell(1995)


Beyond Akira, Japanese anime's greatest contribution to the sci-fi genre is Mamoru Oshii's hugely influential cyberpunk classic – a cyborg saga whose DNA was re-encoded into everything from The Matrix and A.I., to Avatar and Ex_Machina. Set in a future Japan, the film centres around Motoko (aka the Major), a cyborg cop tracking down the 'Puppet Master' hacker and their mysterious origins. In the early days of the internet, Ghost In The Shell dialled deep into the potential of the information age, advances in robotics, and subsequent philosophical questions about 'ghosts' (or, consciousnesses) and the 'shells' they inhabit. All that, and its visual depiction of cyber-technology and futuristic urban environments were incredibly prescient.



26. Solaris(1972)


Sorry Steven Soderbergh and George Clooney, in this case, we're going for Andrei Tarkovsky's 1970s original. Which, if anything is even colder and more opaque, with the director's typically meditative approach to science fiction. But there's a lot to be found if you're willing to dig. Psychologist Kris Kelvin (Donatas Banionis) is sent to a space station orbiting a distant planet where all but three of the occupants are now dead. It's his job to figure out why, but things get a whole stranger once he arrives. It'll make you ponder the nature of the film's reality, and perhaps your own, and if that sort of drama is on your wavelength, this will burn itself into your brain.



27. Planet Of The Apes(1968)


Long before Rupert Wyatt and Matt Reeves happened along to explore how the world got to the point of simian domination, Planet Of The Apes introduced audiences to the concept of a planet (spoiler: it's Earth!) taken over by our hairy brethren. Adapted from Pierre Boulle's novel by Michael Wilson and, tellingly, The Twilight Zone's Rod Serling, it's a little campy in places, but features some prime Charlton Heston gruffness as he battles those damn dirty apes. The idea of another species taking over has always haunted us, and this was impactful enough to impress audiences and launch a franchise (of varying quality) And, of course, it has one of the most memorable final twists in cinema history. All together now: "You maniacs!"



28. Guardians Of The Galaxy(2014)


The MCU has always made a virtue of using characters that hadn't conquered the mainstream, but eyebrows were raised even further when Marvel announced that a music-loving space slacker, a green assassin, a hulking warrior, a talking tree and a raccoon (who isn't a raccoon) would enter the fray. And with James Gunn, best known for his Troma background, horror scripts, Scooby Doo films and odd movies such as Slither? Turns out it was a fantastic decision, Gunn's sensibility breathing comic life into the cosmic characters. The tone works perfectly, there's an emotional gut punch at the end and it smoothly births a franchise, with the Guardians an integral part of future movies, both their own and others. Sci-fi is rarely this much fun, or downright colourful, and we can't wait to see Vol. 3 whenever Gunn can make it.



29. Jurassic Park(1993)


By the '90s, the prospect of animal and human cloning seemed so passé. How about… dinosaur cloning? Adapting Michael Crichton's novel into a game-changing, groundbreaking blockbuster about a prehistoric theme park gone wrong, Steven Spielberg delivers dino-spectacle while keeping the story's sci-fi credentials – man messes with forces of nature and reaps the unpredictable ramifications of chaos theory – intact. The result is an endlessly thrilling adventure movie that springs from some surprisingly plausible cod-science, with Spielberg himself the master creator at the heart of it all, somehow conjuring big-screen beasts that still look and feel incredibly real. Clever guy.



30. Interstellar(2014)


Having finished off his Bat-trilogy, Christoper Nolan got back to his own, original work. Interstellar reads to some as another cold Nolan experience, more concerned with the intellectual exploration of space travel and the mysteries of wormholes, but it's so much more. Hard science (or at least as hard as you can go with experimental physics, as advised by Kip Thorne) doesn't mean hard hearted – this is Nolan's love letter to love itself, particularly between fathers and daughters. Matthew McConaughey's emotional reaction to the message from his grown daughter, his Joe Cooper caught up in a mission where time passes differently for him than it does on Earth – is a key part of that. Nolan stitches it all together into a cohesive whole, and elicits excellent work from his cast, which also includes Anne Hathaway and Jessica Chastain.



31. RoboCop(1987)


Paul Verhoeven arrived in America with a European aesthetic and kicked the doors down with this satirical sci-fi that, with its vision of a corporation effectively owning a city, comes scarily close to reality. But it's also the story of a cop slain in the line of duty who is brought back as a cybernetic officer tortured by visions of a past life his owners tried to wipe from him. There's real horror to be found in the feeling of man becoming product, but it never becomes po-faced. There is blood and brutality, humour and humanity, all brought together by a slick visual style that belies its 1980s origins.



32. Metropolis(1927)


It's considered the first science fiction film, and it certainly retains an air of real power. Fritz Lang's masterpiece set the template for so many movies to come, any number of which owe it a debt in terms of design aesthetics. A meditation on industrialism and the crushing difference in classes, it was famously as tough for the actors and extras Lang hired to work on the film as for the characters they play. Real flames when you're being burned at the stake? That's commitment, and would definitely be frowned upon today.



33. Ex Machina(2015)


After spending time as a writer for other directors' projects, Alex Garland got the chance to show what he could do with this twisty, and occasionally twisted, story of A.I. and antagonism. Caleb (Domhnall Gleeson) thinks he's won the opportunity of a lifetime when he gets to spend time with the reclusive, mysterious boss of the tech company he works for. Yet it turns out that said boss (Oscar Isaac's driven Nathan) actually wants him to test a new artificial intelligence, built in the shape of the beautiful Ava (Alicia Vikander) – and neither man gets quite what they expected. Taking a hard look at man's inhumanity to what many believe could be the next step in evolutionary intelligence, Ex_Machina is a masterful first film, with a well-deserved Oscar in its trophy cabinet for its visual effects.



34. Looper(2012)


Following high school noir Brick and sibling conmen story The Brothers Bloom, Rian Johnson surprised with this time-crossing assassin story. Joseph Gordon-Levitt's titular "Looper" is a hired killer for the mob, who kills victims sent back in time so they can disappear from 39 years in the future. But when Joe's next target is his own older self — closing the loop is the fate of all Loopers, who are paid well for their trouble — he's thrown off his game and future Joe (Bruce Willis) escapes. The ensuing cat and mouse chase takes further twists, but Johnson keeps it all juggled like a pro. The choice to make Gordon-Levitt (in prosthetics) and Willis play the same character is a risky one, but it works, and Johnson injects the movie with plenty of invention.



35. Moon(2009)


It might not have been the first film he initially planned to make, but Moon serves as an audacious full-length debut for director Duncan Jones. Sam Rockwell shines as Sam Bell, spending an isolated three-year long stint working on a lunar mining outpost. Going a little crazy from lack of human contact, Sam makes a shocking discovery that changes his view of both his job and his own identity. Jones and writer Nathan Parker cook up a compelling story and their production team makes the most of a limited budget, creating a palpable, claustrophobic setting. Spoiler alert: the sci-fi chestnut of cloning is key here, but featured in a way that makes the consequences resonate on a human level.



36. Close Encounters Of The Third Kind(1977)


It's not all that surprising that Steven Spielberg's name appears several times on this list (more when you consider the movies he produced); he's been a leading light in the genre for the last 40 years. And this seminal, memorable film channels one of his earliest obsessions: alien encounters. Close Encounters stands the test of all that time, an emotional story of Roy Neary (Richard Dreyfuss) who becomes wrapped up in an event he can't quite comprehend, but which changes his life forever. You know it for the mash mountain, and for those musical tones – but the film is so much more than that.



37. The Terminator(1984)


Eclipsed only slightly by its sequel (read on for more on that), James Cameron's breakout killer cyborg thriller announced his intention to rock the genre with a relatively — by today's standards, at least — low budget and some real invention, even layering in a complicated rumination on time and how the future can be altered for good and ill, which is not the usual subject you expect for such action fare. Arnold Schwarzenegger's man-mountain presence is the threat, but Michael Biehn's future soldier and Linda Hamilton's harassed Sarah Connor are the heart of the story. Cameron keeps the story taught and the action inventive, and there's a pulsing score from Brad Fiedel that has long since entered our collective brains.



38. Arrival(2016)


A time-twisting short story by Ted Chiang. A script from Eric Heisserer. Denis Villeneuve in the director's chair. It's a combination, allied to top work from Jeremy Renner and Amy Adams that delivers the knockout punch that offers both brainfood and a heart-breaking through-line. Aliens arrive in giant ships and humans must figure out how to communicate with the strange creatures, expanding on the first contact idea that has fascinated humanity for years, but with extra layers. Time becomes flexible and you'll want to revisit it more than once to steep in both the atmosphere and the story.



39. Inception(2010)


A filmmaker ever-fascinated by the architecture of the human mind, Christopher Nolan externalised the human subconscious into physical environments for a Bond-inspired heist-movie blockbuster. Taking place across multiple levels of malleable reality, Inception imagines the possibility of dream-tech that allows Leonardo DiCaprio's Dom Cobb and his team to infiltrate sleeping marks and extract information from their unconscious minds – until he's given the altogether harder job of implanting an idea into his next target. Through dizzying setpieces and narrative convolutions, Nolan embraces dream-logic, subverts physics, and orchestrates collapsing realities, creating a psychological sci-fi spectacular that's sure to boggle minds for decades to come.



40. The Thing(1982)


Chilling and chilly in equal measure, the classic shape-shifting alien tale was finally met with special effects that could convey the true horror of its intergalactic entity in John Carpenter's remake. Based on John W. Campbell Jr.'s novella Who Goes There, adapted into 1951 B-movie The Thing From Another World, Carpenter's take wrings all the paranoid potential from a set-up which means nobody can be trusted – with the titular 'Thing' picking off the researchers at an Antarctic research base and imitating them to cause maximum confusion. Even worse, the Thing also transforms into all kinds of horrifying mutant creatures – most infamously, a severed head crawling along on spider legs. Rob Bottin's creatures effects are legendary, Kurt Russell grounds it all as level-headed leader RJ MacReady, and its final stand-off is one of the great movie endings. Funny to think it arrived in the same summer as a much more amiable extra-terrestrial...



41. ET The Extra Terrestrial(1982)


The polar opposite of The Thing in every sense, Spielberg's coming-of-age tale about a young boy and his alien friend is pure cinema magic. Suburban American youngster Elliott becomes best pal to an intergalactic being accidentally left behind on Earth by his family in a parable about lonely children and outsiders that tackles the emotional fall-out of divorce. While there's the looming threat of nefarious government authorities and the eventual need for E.T. to go home (after phoning first), it's foregrounded by childhood joy as Elliot and his siblings get up to mischief with their botanical buddy. Its soaring imagery of Elliot and E.T. flying in front of the moon on his bike is one of the most unmistakable cinematic sci-fi moments, while the stellar John Williams score remains incredibly emotional.



42. Aliens(1986)


It can't be easy to take over a film series that has been kicked off by so seminal a film as Alien, and yet James Cameron makes it look simple. Aliens expands and deepens the universe of the human vs. Xenomorph conflict and finds brand new ways to make the creatures terrifying. Body horror and war combine with ease – this is yet another intergalactic Vietnam allegory – and the idea of the beasts as a hive is a metaphor ripe with possibility, one that Cameron channels easily. Building on the promise of Sigourney Weaver's Ellen Ripley, it upends her experience by marooning her with a group of marines on a colony world riddled with the slavering beasts. The tension is razor-wire sharp and Cameron never forgets to make a variety of the troopers into something more than forgettable alien-fodder.



43. Back To The Future(1985)


Time travel and the ripples that spread out from someone changing the past are concepts that are incredibly hard to pull off. Yet few films are as perfectly constructed as the first Back To The Future. Certainly some try to pick plot nits, but there are few to find. Robert Zemeckis and co-writer Bob Gale conjured up a tale that's so satisfying to watch, even if chunks of it had to be re-shot when original star Eric Stoltz didn't work out. Replacement Michael J. Fox rode the role to movie star status, bolstered by a great ensemble, and gave the movie the core it required to work like a well-wound watch. Crucially, it cemented the most widely-understood model of fictional time-travel, even if later time-twisting films have sought to debunk it.



44. Terminator 2 Judgment Day(1991)


After establishing a smart time-loop scenario in the original Terminator, James Cameron cranked everything up for this sequel – introducing a new liquid-metal android foe, reprogramming Arnie as the good guy, and plotting a new plan to disrupt the future and halt the impending nuclear 'judgment day'. The result is one of the all-time great sequels, delivering incredible action, a thrilling transformation from Sarah Connor as a hardened hero, and a formidable villain in Robert Patrick's shape-shifting T-1000. Beyond the spectacle there are more ideas at play – notably around machine learning, as Schwarzenegger's nice-guy T-800 forms a bond with Edward Furlong's young John Connor and begins to evolve through their interactions. Thumbs up.



45. Star Wars(1977)


Yes, it's more space opera than hard sci-fi. But where would the genre be without the impact and influence of Star Wars, of that opening moment in which the Star Destroyer looms over the camera for a seeming infinity? Bursting with iconic aliens, hyper-space travel, and galactic overlords, George Lucas transplanted the classic hero's journey narrative (Mark Hamill's Luke Skywalker is the simple farm-boy who discovers he's got a much bigger destiny out in the world) into a boundlessly imaginative galaxy far, far away, with laser-swords and mystical religions, space-princesses and loveable rogues. From its incredible model work, to its cosmic dogfights, to the look of the opening crawl as it drifts off into the stars, the original Star Wars changed everything – and science-fiction at large has felt the Force ever since.



46. 2001 A Space Odyssey(1968)


Talk about scope. Stanley Kubrick's monolithic work of sci-fi might not have much in the way of a tangible linear plot, and yet it covers so much – the dawn of man, the space race, the arrival of artificial intelligence, greater space exploration, and a journey into the cosmic unknown. It's dizzying stuff, realised with technical bravado by Kubrick, open to endless interpretation and with just enough narrative to remain compulsively watchable. From its gigantic rotating sets, to its use of Strauss's The Blue Danube, to its extraordinary climactic light show, 2001 is an audio-visual marvel – while its explorations of human evolution and where it might go next have already proved prescient. An extraordinary piece of work, deeply influential on decades of cinema since, and one that entrusts the viewer to follow along on an instinctual, sensory level.



47. The Matrix(1999)


At the dawn of the Internet age, the Wachowskis gave Hollywood science fiction a major upgrade. Drawing from cyberpunk anime, philosophy, and religion, the sisters cooked up an era-defining tale that spoke to generational malaise, the rise of technology, and a pre-millennial society ready to break out of its long-held programming. Keanu Reeves is hacker Neo, who comes to learn that the world isn't real – he and the rest of humanity are living in a computer simulation called the Matrix, while being harvested as fuel for sentient machines. But in learning about this unreality, he also comes to know how to break it – bending the laws of physics, seeing through the code, and uploading kung-fu moves directly into his brain. It's one of the coolest films ever made, deeply stylish and incredibly visionary (particularly the invention of bullet-time and the static camera rig that made it possible). Plus, it has a whole new layer of meaning in its reassessment as a piece of blockbuster queer cinema, a story exploring the idea that internal and external realities may be different, coming from a pair of Trans creators. In a word: woah.



48. Star Wars The Empire Strikes Back(1980)


If Star Wars gave us a whole new cinematic galaxy, Empire made that galaxy feel so much larger, deeper, and richer. Bolstered by the original's success, George Lucas shot for the moon a second time around, teaming up with director Irvin Kershner to tell the story of Luke training under Master Yoda, Han and Leia heading to Cloud City, and Darth Vader dropping the daddy of all twists. Episode V ramped up the scope with more astonishing model work, dizzying dogfights, the snowy Hoth battle, and a ferocious lightsaber duel between Luke and Vader. It is, simply, bigger and better than the original Star Wars, influential in its own right with its downer-ending and game-changing familial revelations. As far as sci-fi goes, it's not the cinema of ideas – but its blockbuster spectacle is near-unmatched.



49. Alien(1979)


It's fitting that, of all things, Ridley Scott's Alien feels in many ways unknowable, filled with elements that feel genuinely, well, alien. As the Nostromo touches down on the ravaged surface of LV-426 and discovers a mysterious hall filled with extra-terrestrial eggs, it's clear the human crew is well out of their depth – and once their quarantine measures are broken, all hell breaks loose. There's a warning in there somewhere. From the dark, dank corridors of its space-freighter ship, to the unmistakable nightmare imagery of H.R. Giger, to the arrival of Sigourney Weaver's heroic Ripley, the original Alien remains a landmark piece of science-fiction, let alone its innovations in horror. If it's essentially a slasher in space, it's full of reproductive ideas and phallic imagery, all penetration and impregnation and blood-spewing birth. Some science fiction makes us dream of the stars. Alien warns us of the sheer violent chaos awaiting us in the vast reaches of outer space.



50. Blade Runner(1982)


What sci-fi film can best Ridley Scott's genre classic Alien? His other genre classic, the unbeatable Blade Runner – an initially misunderstood masterpiece that, over multiple decades and several recuts, stands as the pinnacle of cinematic science fiction. Based on Philip K. Dick's Do Androids Dream Of Electric Sheep?, Blade Runner conjures a bleak vision of a then-future 2019 Los Angeles – an imperious flame-belching hellscape in which Harrison Ford's 'blade runner' cop Rick Deckard is tasked with tracking down a group of human-engineered Replicants who have escaped back to Earth from a working colony. As he 'retires' them one by one, he comes to question his own humanity, both literal and metaphorical. With its ruminations on what it means to be human, Blade Runner is ideas-driven sci-fi all the way. But it's a visual feast too, its interpretation of a futuristic urban landscape – with giant video screens, glowing neon lights and bustling city streets – still jaw-dropping to behold. Coupled with a haunting Vangelis synth score, and Rutger Hauer's arresting turn as Replicant leader Roy Batty (whose "time to die" speech is a total spine-tingler), it's nigh-on untouchable.


Sunday, September 6, 2020

How to Prepare for the NDA

 How To Prepare For NDA After 10th Class ?



How To Prepare For NDA Written After 10th Class ?



A majority of parents and students are wanting to join Nda in case of students. And, in the case of parents it is their life long Dream to see their kids in NDA as officers. In the blog below we will try to list down various points one needs to keep in mind while preparing for NDA. In addition, to that how can one full fill their life long dream of joining NDA (National Defence Academy)Pune.




TOP POINTS TO KEEP IN MIND AFTER 10th Class to Crack NDA & N.A.



1. After finishing 10 th the subjects to be taken should be preferably PCM i.e. Physics,Chemistry And Mathematics.


2. If one does not want non medical stream , then also mathematics needs to be taken as a Compulsory subject.


3. In addition, one having non medical will be eligible for all fields.Meaning, Indian Army, Navy and Airforce. But, if you are not having physics and maths you will only be eligible for Indian Army.


4. Coming to what to do when a ward joins in 11 th class. The most important focus should be on mathematics.


5. Why may one ask? Well, that is because without a minimum percentage in mathematics paper one cannot clear the NDA Written examination.


6. Now to a simple question should one join a 2 year NDA Programme or should one join NDA coaching for 2 years with School?


IS 2 YEARS NDA PROGRAMMES FOR NDA PREPARATION GOOD OR BAD ?


Well let us start by putting things in point to give you more clarity on the topic slated above


1. Each parent and student is tensed about their future and want to make the best use of the opportunity.


2. In addition, most important is knowing NDA syllabus. It is an UPSC paper much different from what you face for entrance examinations such as Engineering Examinations.


3. What subjects are common in NDa syllabus and +11 and +12 th syllabus. Let’s answer that, only thing common is maths ( but that includes short trick methods in Nda). Ass per science it’s absolutely basic from 7 th to 12 th standard not with numerical. The different topics are. It includes English vocabulary, sentence rearrangement, grammar along with general studies 11th and 12th social sciences.


4. Now a simple question before one is can we burden a child with all the subjects together. the answer is no. As 11 th std maths and science get much tougher one should concentrate on them.


5. In addition, NDA paper is held twice a year . One in April other in September. So a child will become eligible in his 12 th to give Nda examination. Hence after September that is in his 12th he can concentrate on his main subjects that is PCM again.


6. For your ease we have added a video below giving information about how to prepare after 10 th class and also what is the NDA paper like.


For you ease we also have added WICH IS THE BEST TIME TO PREPARE FOR NDA ?


Why New Careers Academy is Best coaching Institute for Nda In India?

NCA is an institution located in Chandigarh.Having a record of over 5 decades. Estd. Since 1967, with more than 38000 plus selections we have been producing 2nd and 3rd generation officers. Daily test with shortcut methods. Daily classes with classes running through out the year and no holidays are observed. Defence staff with S.S.B. like structure for outdoor. Making us the top Nda coaching academy in India


Hope all the above points help you in choosing the best for you .

Sunday, August 30, 2020

Ancient Education System in India


  • A gurukula or gurukulam  was a type of education system in ancient India with shishya ('students' or 'disciples') living near or with the guru, in the same house.The guru-shishya tradition is a sacred one in Hinduism and appears in other religious groups in India, such as Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism. The word gurukula is a combination of the Sanskrit words guru ('teacher' or 'master') and kula ('family' or 'home').Before the arrival of British rule, they served as South Asia's primary educational system. The term is also used today to refer to residential monasteries or schools operated by modern gurus.The proper plural of the term is gurukulam, though gurukulas and gurukuls are also used in English and some other Western languages.



  • The students learn from the guru and help the guru in his everyday life, including carrying out of mundane daily household chores. However, some scholars suggest that the activities are not mundane and very essential part of the education to inculcate self-discipline among students. Typically, a guru does not receive or accept any fees from the shishya studying with him as the relationship between a guru and the shishya is considered very sacred.

  • At the end of one's education, a shishya offers the guru dakshina before leaving the gurukula. The gurudakshina is a traditional gesture of acknowledgment, respect and thanks to the guru, which may be monetary, but may also be a special task the teacher wants the student to accomplish. While living in a gurukula, the students would be away from their home from a period of months to years at a stretch and disconnected from their family completely.


History


The gurukula system of education has been in existence since ancient times. The Upanishads mention multiple gurukulam, including that of guru Drona at Gurgaon.The Bhrigu Valli (a discourse on the Brahman) is said to have taken place in Guru Varuni's gurukula. The vedic school of thought prescribes the gurukula (sacred rite of passage) to all individuals before the age of 8 at least by 12. From initiation until the age of 25 all individuals are prescribed to be students and to remain unmarried, a celibate.

Gurukulam were supported by public donations. This was followed by the many following Vedic thoughts making gurukula one of the earliest forms of public school centres.
Revival of the gurukula system.

By the colonial era, the gurukula system was on a steep decline in India. Dayananda Saraswati, the founder of Arya Samaj and Swami Shraddhanand, were the pioneers of the modern gurukula system, who in 1886 founded now-widespread Dayanand Anglo-Vedic Public Schools and Universities.

In 1948, Shastriji Maharaj Shree Dharamjivan das Swami followed suit and initiated first Swaminarayan gurukula in Rajkot in Gujarat state of India. Recently, several gurukulam have opened up in India as well as overseas with a desire to uphold tradition.
Today various gurukulas still exist in India, and researchers have been studying the effectiveness of the system through those institutions.

Gurukula out of India

The Gurukula system of education is available outside of India as well. They are known as Gurukula.

Gurukula in Belgium

At the Jain Culture Center of Antwerp, children between the ages of 8 till 16 study Vedic mathematics, Art, Music, as well as Vedic Astrology, Jyotishi, Sanskrit and Yoga.
Children participate in this Gurukula during holiday times at the traditional schools, for a week in October / November, 2 weeks during Easter break, and 1 month during summer break.

Thursday, August 20, 2020

Importance of Education in Life


  • ·         Humans can become animals without education. If you have heard about the cavemen, how they use to live their lives without any knowledge. It is education or you can say in easy terms knowledge that makes modern men from cave men.


  • ·         To say Education is important is an understatement. Education is a weapon to improve one’s life. It is probably the most important tool to change one’s life. Education for a child begins at home. It is a lifelong process that ends with death. Education certainly determines the quality of an individual’s life. Education improves one’s knowledge, skills and develops the personality and attitude. Most noteworthy, Education affects the chances of employment for people. A highly educated individual is probably very likely to get a good job. In this essay on importance of education, we will tell you about the value of education in life and society.



·         “KNOWLEDGE IS THE FOOD FOR MAN BECAUSE IN ABSENCE OF KNOWLEDGE MAN CANNOT GROW HIS FOOD.”

  • ·       The first thing that strikes in our minds when we think about education is gaining knowledge. Education is a tool which provides people with knowledge, skill, technique, information, enables them to know their rights and duties toward their family, society as well as the nation. It expands vision and outlook to see the world. It develops the capabilities to fight against injustice, violence, corruption and many other bad elements in the society.



  • ·        Education gives us knowledge of the world around us. It develops in us a perspective of looking at life. It is the most important element in the evolution of the nation. Without education, one will not explore new ideas. It means one will not able to develop the world because without ideas there is no creativity and without creativity, there is no development of the nation.


  • Importance of Education in Our Society
  • ·         Education is an important aspect that plays a huge role in the modern, industrialized world. People need a good education to be able to survive in this competitive world. Modern society is based on people who have high living standards and knowledge which allows them to implement better solutions to their problems.


  • Features of Education
  • Education empowers everyone. Some of the areas where education helps are:

1.  Removing Poverty
Education helps in removing poverty as if a person is educated, he can get a good job and fulfill all the basic needs & requirement of his family.


2.  Safety and Security against Crime
If a person is well-educated, he will not be fooled by anyone easily. An educated person is less prone to involve in domestic violence & other social evils. They enjoy healthy relationships in life. This means people are less susceptible to being cheated or becoming a victim of violence.

3. Prevention of Wars and Terrorism
To lead a safe & secure life, one needs to understand the value of education in our daily life. One needs to take an active part in various educational activities. These types of productive activities provide knowledge to live a better life.

4. Commerce and Trade
A good education doesn’t simply mean going to school or college & getting a degree. Trade & commerce of the country will also be flourished easily if its citizens are well-educated. Education helps to become self-dependent and build great confidence among them to accomplish difficult tasks. On getting an education, their standard of life gets improved.

5.  Law and Order
Education enables the process of the Nation’s Fast Development. If you have a good education, you can serve your country well. It develops a good political ideology.

6. Women Empowerment
Education also helps in empowering women. Certain old customs like Not Remarrying Widows, Sati Pratha, Child Marriage, Dowry System etc. can be demolished with the power of education. Women, if educated, can raise voice against the injustice done to her. This will bring a lot of development in society as well as in the nation. In short, Right to Freedom of speech & expression can be used in the right way if all women will become educated.




7. Upliftment of economically weaker sections of society
Education is the most important ingredient to change the world. Due to lack of education, many illiterate people suffer the hardships of discrimination, untouchability & injustices prevailing in the society but with the advancement of a good education. If all the people will be educated; this ultimately leads to the upliftment of economically weaker sections of society.

8. Communications
The relation between education & communication is apparent. Good education helps to communicate better with other people. It also improves our communication skills such as speech, body language etc. A person who is educated feels confident within him to confront or give a speech in front of a large public or can held a meeting or seminar.

Writing emails, letters, typing messages, reading magazines & newspapers or even using a Smartphone can never be possible without getting a basic education.

Role of Education in Society
Education is the social institution through which society provides its members with important knowledge, including basic facts, job skills, and cultural norms values.

One of the most important benefits of education is that it improves personal lives and helps the society to run smoothly. By providing education, poverty can be removed and every person can provide their contribution to developing the country.

Education Helps in Creation of a better society.
An educated person is more likely to develop better moral and ethical values as compared to an uneducated person. Lack of education creates problems like superstition, domestic violence, poor health, and poor living standards. Education brings equal opportunity for both men and women and educated people will be able to create a better society. Without a good education, a better society can’t be formed.


Education act as Back Bone of a Society.
Education is an integral part of human society. Its importance in life can’t be ignored as lack of education gives birth to numerous social problems like poor health, internal conflict, poor living standards and many more. It helps people to find a better solution to their problems. Education lets people realize the true value of contribution and help become the backbone of the society.

Education encourages Innovation and Creativity.
Education means innovation. Innovation and creativity can only occur when people are skilled enough to know how to operate with different technologies. Educated people always find a solution to their problems with the help of better techniques.

Education Can Create Better Human Beings.
Education is the most powerful weapon which we can use to change the perspective of the world. An educated person knows how to deal with different types of problems. Through the right education, a person can develop good moral values. It helps us to become a good human being.

Education Gives Ability to Read & Write.
“A man without education is like a building without foundation.”

Education helps a person to be able to read and write. Most of the information is communicated by writing. A man who has this ability to read is called a literate.

He can read books, newspapers, signs, and symbols. It also helps to read signboards in the street, at shops, bus, train and air stations. It also helps them in their day to day activities like banking, shopping, money transaction and many more.

Without primary education, one has to depend on others for all the above basic needs.

Understanding the Responsibilities

As a social being, it is our responsibility to give something back to the society and make it a better place for the next generation. An uneducated man can’t be fully aware of his responsibilities. An educated person is aware of his personal as well as social responsibilities. Proper education teaches a person to think beyond his personal interests and also provides him the ability to give something back to the society.

Make This World A Better Place To Live In

Without educated people, this world can’t become a better place. That is why proper education is needed to turn this world into a better place. Hence, we can conclude that for the evolution of a country, there is a need for education.




Sunday, August 16, 2020

MOVIES THAT SHOWS THE IMPORTANCE OF EDUCATION

21 Inspirational movies on education that should be must watched by every child.


1. Good Will Hunting (1997)




IMDb rating – 8.3/10


Cast & Crew: Good Will Hunting boasts an illustrious cast including Robin Williams, Ben Affleck, Matt Damon and Stellan Skarsgard. This American film was written by Affleck and Matt Damon while it was helmed by Gus Van Sant.


Story: Matt Damon played the title role of a 20-year old young man. The hero is gifted with high potential in mathematics and chemistry but doesn’t realize what his potential can offer.


The film will inspire students to discover hidden talents they have.


2. Lean on Me (1989)


IMDb rating –7.4/10


Cast & Crew: Written by Michael Schiffer and stars Morgan Freeman, directed by John G. Avildsen.


Story: Do you need a second chance at study or your career?




Based on a true story, Lean on Me is a dramatized biographical film An unorthodox teacher returns to the idyllic high school from which he had been fired as the principal, only to find it devoid of the success it used to be. This movie will help build you up and get you through that pile of study! There is nothing like a true story to really lift your spirits.



3. The Paper Chase (1973)



IMDb rating –7.2/10


Cast & Crew: Directed by James Bridges, The Paper Chase is an inspirational Hollywood movie starring Timothy Bottoms, Lindsay Wagner, and John Houseman.


Story: Sometimes study does not come easily – often we need to learn to “set the mode”.


The Paper Chase focuses on the hardworking and studious James T. Hart who faces many challenges during his first year at Harvard. The movie is perfect for anyone struggling and finding it difficult to keep the motivation alive.



4. 21 (2008)


IMDb rating –6.8/10


Cast & Crew: 21 is a 2008 American movie directed by Robert Luketic starring Jim Sturgess and Kevin Spacey.


Story: The film is inspired by the true story of the MIT Blackjack Team as told in Bringing Down the House, the best-selling book by Ben Mezrich.


There is a typical situation: a talented student entered Harvard University, but he has to demonstrate his unique experience no other students have in order to get a scholarship.


Taking into account the fact that last year this scholarship was won by a student from Korea who had no leg, this task appears to be not easy at all. But the student is lucky to meet a math teacher who has noticed his talent to count and offered an unusual deal to him…If you don’t know what to write in your motivation letter for all professors to notice you, this movie is a real must-watch for you then.




5. Forrest Gump (1994)



IMDb rating – 8.8/10


Cast & Crew: Directed by Robert Zemeckis, starring Tom Hanks


Story: This Tom Hanks movie tells the inspiring story of a man with low IQ who achieves many incredible feats. He wins the Medal of Honor for bravery, becomes an expert Ping Pong player, inspires the famous dance of Elvis Presley, and makes money by selling shrimps.


It is a truly inspirational story that every student should watch. The movie conveys that nothing is impossible if you are willing enough. There is a famous in the movie – “ Mama always said life was like a box of chocolates. You never know what you are gonna get”




6. Theory of Everything (2014)




IMDb rating –7.7/10


Cast & Crew: James Marsh directed this movie starring Eddie Redmayne and Felicity Jones


Story: This Movie depicts the story of Stephen Hawking, the greatest cosmologist and physicist of our time. As a brilliant student of Astrophysics, he shockingly learns that he is suffering from motor neurons disease. Doctors predict just 2 more years for him to live.


But, he remarkably defied medical calculations and went on to live up to 76 years of age. During this period he became the famous man he is today with his eminent contributions to the world of Cosmology and Physics.

This movie is inspirational for all students, especially ones with special needs. There simply isn’t a boundary for what you can achieve with what you have.



7. 42 (2013)



IMDb rating –7.5/10


Cast & Crew: This Brian Helgeland helmed movie featured Chadwick Aaron Boseman in the lead role also starring Harrison Ford.


Story: This inspirational sports drama portrays the real life story of America’s baseball icon Jackie Robinson. He was the first Black player to feature in the Major League in the Modern Era.


The movie can teach students a lot about racism that was in practice in the USA. It can help students understand how difficult it can be to overcome challenges and why they should persevere.




8. The Social Network (2010)




IMDb rating –7.7/10


Cast & Crew: “The Social Network” is an American drama movie written by Aaron Sorkin and directed by David Fincher in 2010. Jesse Eisenberg depicted facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg while Justin Timberlake and Andrew Garfield played supporting roles


Story: This Inspirational Hollywood movie shows the journey of Mark Zuckerberg from a Harvard student to a multi-millionaire is really an inspiring one for everyone; it might inspire you to become an awesome genius like the man himself. The Social Network, tells that every student can turn their dream into reality.



9. The Breakfast Club (1985)



IMDb rating –7.7/10


Cast & Crew: It’s an American comedy drama directed, written and produced by John Hugges in 1985.


Story: This movie is about how 5 students from different backgrounds end up together for a detention and open up to each other.The Breakfast Club shows that students can find friendship in the most unexpected ways. Regarded as an evergreen teen cult movie, it is a must watch for every student.



10. Freedom Writers(2007)



IMDb rating –7.6/10


Cast & Crew: This movie was directed by Richard LaGravenese and featured Hilary Swank and Patrick Dempsey


Story: “Freedom Writers” is an inspirational movie based on a young teacher who inspires her troublesome class to pursue studies even after high school. She has to contend with at-risk students who are divided among themselves, opposing teachers, struggling marriage and money shortage.


Students who watch this movie are bound to see their teachers in a new light.



11. Life of Pi (2012)


IMDb Rating: 7.9/10


Cast and Crew: Released in the year 2012, this movie directed by Ang Lee features both Indian and foreign actors. The film stars Suraj Sharma as Pi, Irfan Khan, Tabu, Rafe Spall, and Gerard Depardieu. The film won many awards at premiere film festivals around the world. It won the Golden Globe awards for the Best Director and Best Picture – Drama.


The Story: The plot of the movie revolves around the life of Pi Patel, a 16-year-old born a Hindu but follows all three religions for the love of God. The film talks of the boy’s life story as rendered to a novelist about how he survived a shipwreck and marooned in the Pacific Ocean with a Bengal tiger for companionship on a lifeboat.


The film will teach students how to realize hidden strengths when pushed to a corner.




12. Stand and Deliver(1988)



IMDb rating –7.9/10


Cast & Crew: Directed by Ramón Menéndez, starring Edward James Olmos, Lou Diamond Phillips, Will Gotay and Vanessa Marquez


Story: This movie is based on the real story of a high school mathematics teacher named Jaime Escalante.


It shows how an idealistic maths teacher supports his “no-hoper” students to study by adopting unusual teaching methods. “Stand and Deliver” is really an inspirational movie for those who think they are hopeless in their studies.




13. Rush (2013)



IMDb Rating: 8.1/10


Cast and Crew: Written by Peter Morgan and directed by Ron Howard, the movie stars Chris Helmsworth and Daniel Bruhl. Produced on a budget of 38 million USD, the film is a racy one which won the BAFTA Award for Best Editing.


The Story:  The plot of the movie is centred around two F1 racers of the 1970s – James Hunt and NikiLauda who are intense rivals and how they stretch to their very limits to prove their supremacy on the tracks. The movie is for the driving buff with exhilarating race sequences on the screen.


Students can get a feel of the gruelling conditions during an F1 race and how the rivalry spurred the other to fine-tune their skills.



14. Boyhood (2014)



IMDb Rating: 7.9/10


Cast and Crew: Written and directed by Richard Linklater, who is famous for his ‘Before’ trilogy, the movie stars Patricia Arquette, Ellar Coltrane, Ethan Hawke, and Lorelei Linklater. The film was lauded for its extraordinary undertaking of being shot for over 12 years. The stars showed up and the film every year when their schedules allowed them to do so.


The Story: The unique point of this movie was that it was shot over a course of 12 years and renders the story of a boy’s life over 12 years’ time. Incidents that occur in MJ’s life when living with his mother after his parents’ divorce form the main part of the film. The film traces in all emotional depth the life of the boy during his teens. The film shows the poignant moments of fatherhood and motherhood as well.


The film provides a great chance for children to understand the happenings in their parents’ lives in the context of modern times.




15. The Blind Side(2009)



IMDb rating –7.7/10


Cast & Crew: The Blind Side is an American biographical sports drama film written & directed by John Lee Hancock in 2009. Sandra Bullock starred in the leading role.


Story: It is based on the real story of Michael Oher, who was adopted by a loving, supportive family – the Tuohys. Leigh Anne Tuohy and her husband Sean offer him shelter for a day and extend their welcome indefinitely.Leigh Anne discovers Michael’s strengths and helps him understand his strengths better. This, in turn, has a positive effect on his football skills. Finally, he becomes a successful football player, with strong support from the Tuohy family despite going through some rough patches.




16. The Pursuit of Happiness (2006)




IMDb rating –7.7/10


Cast & Crew: Helmed by Gabriele Muccino, this biopic featured Will Smith and his son Jaden Smith as Chris Gardner and his son respectively.


Story: The Pursuit of Happyness is an American biographical drama film based on the life of entrepreneur Chris Gardner directed by Gabriele Muccino in 2006.


In this movie, Will Smith plays the role of Gardner who goes from being a homeless salesman to the owner of a brokerage house with his sheer determination and will power.




17.Warrior (2011)




IMDb Rating: 8.2/10


Cast and Crew: Directed by Gavin O’Connor, the movie stars Joel Edgerton, Nick Nolte, and Tom Hardy. Nick Nolte was nominated for the Academy Award for the Best Actor in a Supporting Role.


The Story: The film tells the story of two MMA champions who meet for a fight without knowing the fact that they are estranged brothers. The two brothers fight tournaments for different reasons and end up fighting one another. The brothers reconcile their differences in the end and the movie closes with the smiling shot of the father.


The film presents some great shots on MMA fighting with the major theme being reconciliation and redemption of the human spirit. The power of forgiveness and family bonds are well explored in the movie.




18. Half Nelson (2006)




IMDb rating –7.2/10


Cast & Crew: Half Nelson, is an American drama film directed by Ryan Fleck in 2006 and written by Anna Boden & Fleck. Ryan Gosling, Shareeka Epps and Anthony Mackie played the lead roles.


Story: This movie focuses on an inner city middle-school teacher who becomes friends with one of his students after she finds out that he has a drug habit. As compared to other movies based on good teachers, Half Nelson tells the story of ordinary people facing genuine problems but still maintains hope.




19. The Internship(2013)




IMDb rating –7.2/10


Cast & Crew: It’s an American comedy movie, directed by Shawn Levy in 2013, written by Vince Vaughn & Jared Stern and it was produced by Vaughn and Levy.


Story: The Internship is about Billy and Nick, two middle-aged salesmen, played by Owen Wilson and Vince Vaughn, who lost their jobs due to the arrival of digital age and how they manage to get a chance to do internship with Google and prove their worth.




20. Everest (2015)



IMDb Rating: 7.1/10


Cast and Crew: This biographical adventure film was both produced and directed by Baltasar Kormakur. The film was scripted by Simon Beaufoy and William Nicholson. The movie stars Jason Clarke, John Hawkes, Emily Watson, and Keira Knightley among others.


The Story: The story set in Everest and recounts the disaster that took place in the year 1996 in the mountain. Two expedition groups fight to survive as they are faced with difficulties during the climbing as well as the descent. The film portrays intense peril and the thrill of being able to view climbing up Everest.


The film shows, how in reality, things can go wrong, not in the way that one hopes and what is usually shown in happy-ending movies.





21. The Great Debaters (2007)





IMDb rating –7.6/10 


Cast & Crew: Starring Denzel Washington, “The Great Debaters” is an inspirational American movie movie released in 2007. It was directed by Denzel Washington himself and its producer was Oprah Winfrey.


Story: It is based on an article written about the Wiley College debate team.


Thinking of teaching or training others? This movie is the dramatic retelling of the true story of Melvin B. Tolson, a professor who inspired his students to challenge Harvard at the debating championship.

Wednesday, August 12, 2020

Forensic Science in India

How can I get admission in forensics after 12th?

First, candidates have to complete their 10+2 examination from science branch for admission into UG degree. After completing a bachelor degree i.e. B.Sc, you can apply for the master degree that is M.Sc in Forensic Science. Some private universities conduct its own entrance test for admission in master courses.

Is Neet required for forensic science?

No, writing NEET is not required to get admission in forensic sciences. Colleges and Universities conduct their own entrance exam for admission in a forensic science course

Is there any entrance exam for forensic science?

Check out the top BSc Forensic Science Colleges in India. ... Admission Process: Admission in this course is offered generally on the basis of entrances, but few colleges also have the facility of merit-based admission. Top Entrance Exams: JET, Amity JEE, LPUNEST, and other University or State level Entrance Exams.

Which college is best for forensic science?

Some forensic Science Universities in India

Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan National Institute of Criminology and Forensic Science, Delhi.
OU - Osmania University, Hyderabad.
Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar.
BU - Bundelkhand University, Jhansi.
Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, Gandhinagar.

What is the salary of forensic scientist in India?

Various job roles in Forensic science area in Central government, State government and Local government can earn an average salary of $107,810 – $57,240 per year. In the private sector, Starting salary in Forensic science field starts from RS. 3 lakhs – 4 lakhs per annum.

What is the highest paying forensic job?

Forensic Medical Examiner. Perhaps the highest paying position in the field of forensic science is forensic medical examiner. ...
Forensic Engineer. ...
Forensic Accountant. ...
Crime Scene Investigator. ...
Crime Laboratory Analyst.


Does forensic science have scope in India?

Forensic Scientists from India can work as medical examiner, crime laboratory analyst, crime scene examiner, forensic engineer, and language expert and evidence enhancer by portraying psychological profiles of habitual offenders as well as doing the analysis of crime scenes, etc.

Can I do forensic science without biology?

Whichever it is, you need to check out the eligibility by visiting their official website or visiting their office. In the above, you find that there is no specific mention of Biology and only 12th Science is mentioned. ... You may continue with BSc Physics or Chemistry and then try for Forensic Science in MSc level.




Sunday, August 9, 2020

New Education Policy

About New Education Policy Consultation



The National Education Policy was framed in 1986 and modified in 1992. More than three decades have passed since previous Policy. During this period significant changes have taken place in our country, society economy, and the world at large. It is in this context that the education sector needs to gear itself towards the demands of the 21st Century and the needs of the people and the country. Quality, innovation and research will be the pillars on which India will become a knowledge super power. Clearly, a new Education Policy is needed.


The Government had initiated the process of formulating a New Education Policy through the consultation process for an inclusive, participatory and holistic approach, which takes into consideration expert opinions, field experiences, empirical research, stakeholder feedback, as well as lessons learned from best practices.


The Committee for preparation of the draft National Education Policy submitted its report to the Ministry on 31.05.2019. The Draft National Education Policy 2019 (DNEP 2019) was uploaded on MHRD’s website and also at MyGov Innovate portal eliciting views/suggestions/comments of stakeholders, including public. The draft NEP is based on the foundational pillars access, affordability, equity, quality and accountability.


Post submission of Draft Report States/UTs Governments and Government of India Ministries were invited to give their views and comments on Draft National Education Policy 2019. A brief summary of the Draft National Education Policy 2019 was circulated among various stakeholders, which was also translated in 22 languages and uploaded on the Ministry’s website. Meetings with State Education Secretaries of School Education and with State Secretaries of Higher & Technical Education were held.An Education Dialogue with Hon’ble MPs of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Kerala, Karnataka & Odisha.


A special meeting of CABE on National Education Policy was held. In the meeting, 26 Education Ministers of various States and UTs, representatives of States and Union Territories, Members of CABE, Heads of Autonomous Organisations, Vice Chancellors of Universities, attended the meeting along with senior officials of the Central and State Governments. Around 2 lakh suggestions on the Draft National Education Policy received from various stakeholders. A meeting on Draft NEP 2019 of Parliamentary Standing Committee on Human Resource Development was held on 07.11.2019.


Currently exercise of formulation of National Education Policy is ongoing and it will be finalised shortly.

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